Greenback Gains Momentum: USD Rises in Forex Markets

The Greenback Gains Momentum: USD Rises in Forex Markets

As we head into the release of the US retail sales and industrial production figures, the US dollar has caught a bid, rising against all major G10 currencies except the Swiss franc. The strengthening of the greenback underscores current market sentiment and anticipation around these crucial data points. Despite recent hawkishness from other central banks, like the Reserve Bank of Australia, the dollar maintains its upward trajectory, reflecting optimism in the US market.

Benchmark 10-year yields are mixed across Europe, with slight narrowing premiums over German bunds. Meanwhile, the S&P 500 and NASDAQ have rallied to record highs, driven by big tech, which further boosted Asia Pacific shares with the exception of a fractional slip in Hong Kong. Europe’s Stoxx 600 is up nearly 0.5%, while US index futures show mixed results. Commodities like gold and oil also reflect this cautious optimism, trading within established ranges.

In this article, we will break down current market movements and expectations across various regions.

United States

The US dollar has gained traction ahead of key economic releases, including May’s retail sales and industrial production figures. Retail sales and industrial output have shown tepid performance in April, but a slight uptick is expected in May. Manufacturing output is anticipated to have rebounded after a 0.3% fall in April. Analysts are projecting an annualized GDP growth of around 2.1% for Q2, highlighting the need for consistent softer inflation data to gain a clearer outlook on Federal Reserve’s future decisions.

Several Federal Reserve officials will speak about the economic outlook today, providing further insights into potential policy directions. The market is also keenly watching corporate decisions, especially with big tech stocks pushing major indices to new highs.


Economic data has been sparse this week, but Germany’s June ZEW investors survey suggests continuing weak sentiment. The assessment of current conditions deteriorated slightly to -73.8, down from -72.3 in May, reversing gains seen in the previous three months. Although investor expectations rose slightly, the general outlook remains cautious.

The euro has seen some short-covering by traders but continues to hover near recent lows. The market is awaiting further clarity on European Central Bank policies, which are influenced by recent economic sentiment data and the broader geopolitical landscape.

United Kingdom

Anticipation surrounds the UK’s May CPI data release. Analysts expect a 0.4% month-over-month increase, translating to a year-over-year decrease to 2.0% from 2.3% in April. This would match the lowest CPI reading since April 2021. Core CPI and service inflation rates are also expected to moderate. Producer prices may rise slightly, reflecting higher input costs. Market participants are closely watching potential divergence in economic data and policy responses from the Bank of England.


Chinese banks are set to announce loan prime rates this Wednesday. Without a cut in the People’s Bank of China’s Medium-Term Lending rate, there’s little incentive for banks to reduce their prime rates. The yuan’s value remains under pressure, influenced by rising US rates and general market dynamics. Analysts expect China’s trade balance to show a significant deficit for May, reflecting a seasonal dip.


Japan will release its May trade figures soon, and projections show a steep trade deficit. Export growth is expected to surge by 12.5% year-over-year, but imports are also likely to rise by 9.5%, marking an overall trade imbalance. Despite the Bank of Japan’s reluctance to modify its bond purchasing program, the yen remains weak against the dollar, hovering near JPY158. The market sentiment reflects caution as Japanese economic indicators continue to suggest mixed performance.


Canada’s retail sales for April are set to be released on Friday, with expectations of a strong recovery following a 0.2% decline in March. The Canadian dollar has edged higher for two consecutive sessions, though market sentiment remains cautious. Speculators have increased their net short positions, reflecting broader market uncertainty. The US dollar has not settled below CAD1.3600 for over two months, and upcoming data will be crucial in determining future currency movements.


The Reserve Bank of Australia maintained its cash rate target at 4.35%, noting the potential for future rate hikes due to upside risks. Despite this hawkish stance, the Australian dollar has shown little change, reflecting mixed market sentiments. Additional factors, such as the upcoming quarterly inflation report and individual income tax cuts scheduled for July 1, add layers of complexity to Australia’s economic landscape.


The US dollar has shown mixed performance against the Mexican peso, reflecting broader market dynamics and specific geopolitical events like the US suspension of avocado imports from Mexico. Despite these developments, the peso remains relatively firm. The Central Bank of Mexico is expected to report a subdued April retail sales figure, and discussions around judicial reforms continue to shape the political landscape.

Overall, the foreign exchange market remains dynamic, with the US dollar showcasing strength amidst global uncertainties and regional economic developments. Keep an eye on upcoming data releases and central bank announcements to navigate these turbulent times effectively.

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